Conservation Action Plan


 

The Conservation Action Plan lists species at risk in Canada that have an identified need for hands-on intervention (e.g. captive breeding, nest protection, reintroduction) in their Species at Risk Act Recovery Plans. Our priority ranking (A, B, C) is based on status (endangered, threatened, special concern), need for intervention, and readiness for intervention. Bolded species are those with existing or past Wildlife Preservation Canada support. Species at risk with existing strong support from other organizations are not included here (e.g. Whooping Crane, Woodland Caribou, Vancouver Island Marmot, Peregrine Falcon).

Category A: species listed as endangered or extirpated and direct intervention is required to save them

Mammals

Species
Status
Region
American Badger jeffersonii subspecies  (Taxidea taxus jeffersonii) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Black-footed Ferret
(Mustela nigripes)
Extirpated Prairies
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
(Dipodomys ordii)
Endangered Prairies

Birds
Species Federal Status Region
Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast, Prairies
Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) Extirpated (BC) / Endangered (Prairies) Mountain – Pacific Coast, Prairies
Loggerhead Shrike migrans subspecies (Lanius ludovicianus migrans) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) Endangered Ontario
Piping Plover circumcinctus subspecies (Charadrius melodus circumcinctus) Endangered Atlantic
Spotted Owl caurina subspecies (Strix occidentalis caurina) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Vesper Sparrow affinis subspecies (Pooecetes gramineus affinis) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Reptiles & Amphibians
Species Federal Status Region
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Endangered Carolinian
Blanchard’s Cricket Frog (Acris blanchardi) Endangered Carolinian
Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii) Endangered Nova Scotia
Blue Racer (Coluber constrictor foxii) Endangered Carolinian
Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) Endangered Carolinian
Fowler’s Toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) Endangered Carolinian
Jefferson Salamander (Ambystoma jeffersonianum) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Northern Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus fuscus) Endangered Carolinian
Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates pipiens) Endangered Rocky Mountain
Oregon Spotted Frog (Rana pretiosa) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Queensnake (Regina septemvittata) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Small-mouthed Salamander (Ambystoma texanum) Endangered Carolinian
Spiny Softshell (Apalone spinifera) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Unisexual Ambystoma, Jefferson Salamander dependent population (Ambystoma laterale – (2) jeffersonianum) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Unisexual Ambystoma Small-mouthed Salamander dependent population (Ambystoma laterale – (2) texanum) Endangered Carolinian
Insects
Species Federal Status Region
Eastern Persius Duskywing (Erynnis persius persius) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Five-spotted Bogus Yucca Moth (Prodoxus quinquepunctellus) Endangered Prairies
Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus) Extirpated Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Hungerford’s Crawling Water Beetle (Brychius hungerfordi) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Island Marble (Euchloe ausonides insulanus) Extirpated Mountain – Pacific Coast
Karner Blue Butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) Extirpated Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Maritime Ringlet (Coenonympha nipisiquit) Endangered Atlantic
Non-pollinating Yucca Moth (Tegeticula corruptrix) Endangered Prairies
Northern Barrens Tiger Beetle (Cicindela patruela) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Rusty-Patched Bumble Bee (Bombus affinis) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Taylor’s Checkerspot (Euphydryas editha taylori) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Yucca Moth (Tegeticula yuccasella) Endangered Prairies

 

Category B: species are listed as endangered / extirpated but further research is needed to understand the best methods for direct intervention OR species is listed as threatened and direct intervention is required immediately

Mammals

Species Federal Status Region
Pacific Water Shrew (Sorex bendirii) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) Endangered Prairies
Townsend’s Mole (Scapanus townsendii) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast

Birds
Species
Status
Region
Roseate Tern
(Sterna dougallii)
Endangered Atlantic Canada

Reptiles & Amphibians
Species Federal Status Region
Butler’s Gartersnake (Thamnophis butleri) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Eastern Foxsnake (Pantherophis gloydi) Endangered Carolinian
Great Basin Spadefoot (Spea intermontana) Threatened Mountain – Pacific Coast
Western Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta bellii) Threatened Pacific Coast
Wood Turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) Threatened Great Lakes – St. Lawrence; Atlantic

Insects
Species Federal Status Region
Bogbean Buckmoth (Hemileuca sp.) Endangered Great Lakes – St. Lawrence
Gypsy Cuckoo Bumble Bee (Bombus bohemicus) Endangered All Regions
Mormon Metalmark (Apodemia mormo) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast
Nine-spotted Lady Beetle (Coccinella novemnotata) Not Listed All Regions west of Atlantic
Ottoe Skipper (Hesperia ottoe) Endangered Prairies
Sand-verbena Moth (Copablepharon fuscum) Endangered Mountain – Pacific Coast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Category C: species are listed as threatened / special concern and further research about direct intervention methods is needed

Mammals

Species Federal Status Region
American Marten (Martes americana atrata) Threatened Newfoundland
Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) Threatened Saskatchewan
Ermine haidarum subspecies (Mustela erminea haidarum) Threatened Mountain – Pacific Coast

Birds
Species Federal Status Region
Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) Threatened All Regions
Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis) Threatened Prairies
Greater Sage-Grouse phaios subspecies (Centrocercus urophasianus phaios) Extirpated British Columbia

Reptiles & Amphibians
Species Federal Status Region
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) Threatened Appalachian
Eastern Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) Extirpated Great Lakes/Carolinian
Gray Ratsnake (Pantherophis spiloides) Endangered Carolinian
Pacific Gophersnake (Pituophis catenifer catenifer) Extirpated British Columbia
Pacific/Western Pond Turtle (Actinemys marmorata) Extirpated British Columbia
Pygmy Short-horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglasii) Extirpated British Columbia
Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) Extirpated Carolinian
Western Chorus Frog (Pseudacris triseriata) Threatened Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowlands
Insects
Species Federal Status Region
Dakota Skipper (Hesperia dacotae) Endangered Prairies
Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis) Endangered Great Lakes Plains
Poweshiek Skipperling (Oarisma poweshiek) Endangered Prairies